Anterior View of the Right Knee Joint
A grayscale illustration of a cadaveric knee specimen from Grant's museum

Type

Anatomical Illustration

Tools

Adobe Illustrator

Client

Prof. Dave Mazierski (MSC1001Y)

Target Audience

Anatomy students and undergraduate students learning anatomy

Date completed

November 24, 2021

Goals

To create a reduced, but effective, illustration that depicts the anatomy of the knee joint

Process

This illustration is based on a dissected specimen in Grant’s museum (University of Toronto). As someone who’s had two knee surgeries in the past, I am fascinated by the intricacies of the knee joint and I hope that this illustration would be a helpful visual reference for others undergoing the same types of procedures. To start this illustration, I first drew a sketch of the specimen while focusing on the contours of the bones. 

Next, I traced my sketch lines in Adobe Illustrator, generating flat shapes of the major structures involved in the illustration. Then, using clipping masks and Gaussian blurs, I shaded each section of the knee to give it volume and shape. Last, contour lines were added to represent the curvature of bony parts and striations on ligaments. These were created through a combination of manually-created lines and lines generated by the Blend tool.

The different thicknesses of lines represent how much light is hitting a particular structure. A part that is in more light will have thinner linework than those that are in more shadow.

Finally, the text overlay was placed in Illustrator

References

  1. Agur, A. M. R., Dalley, A. F. (2017). Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy (14th ed, pp. 522-526). Wolters Kluwer.
  2. Majid, A., Majid D. (2016). M&M Essential Anatomy (3rd ed, pp. 55, 76). Pearson Learning Solutions.
  3. Netter, F. H. (2019). Netter Atlas of Human Anatomy (7th ed, pp. 498-506). Elsevier.